Propaganda under a dictatorship essay

Nor is it only on the technical front that the hand of the would-be dictator has been strengthened. A man or woman makes direct contact with society in two ways: as a member of some familial, professional or religious group, or as a member of a crowd.

Through technical devices like the radio and the loudspeaker, eighty million people were deprived of independent thought.

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They are ignorant of the world and its ways, and therefore completely unsuspecting. Under Hitler, for example, the yearly Nuremberg rallies were masterpieces of ritual and theatrical art. Permanent crisis justifies permanent control of everybody and everything by the agencies of the central government.

Propaganda under a dictatorship essay

With Gertrude Stein they were convinced that an apple is an apple is an apple, whereas the moon is the moon is the moon. In the context of , seemed dreadfully convincing. These amazing and admirable advances have had to be paid for. Moreover, mass production cannot work without mass distribution; but mass distribution raises problems which only the largest producers can satisfactorily solve. The demagogic propagandist must therefore be consistently dogmatic. Their conformity is developing into something like uniformity. Marching makes an end of individuality. These questions can be answered, for the most part, in Hitlers own words. In the absence of a constitutional tradition, this increased power will probably be exercised in a dictatorial fashion. Unfortunately it now looks as though, owing to recent changes in our circumstances, this infinitely precious fair chance were being, little by little, taken away from us. During his long career as an agitator, Hitler had studied the effects of herdpoison and had learned how to exploit them for his own purposes. Man is not made to be an automaton, and if he becomes one, the basis for mental health is destroyed. Recent developments in Russia and recent advances in science and technology have robbed Orwell's book of some of its gruesome verisimilitude. While the healthy common folk instinctively close their ranks to form a community of the people under a Leader, it goes without saying intellectuals run this way and that, like hens in a poultry yard. Human beings are a good deal less rational and innately just than the optimists of the eighteenth century supposed.

With them one cannot make history; they cannot be used as elements composing a community. Mindlessness and moral idiocy are not characteristically human attributes; they are symptoms of herd-poisoning.

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And what remarkably clear and astute words they are! He did not say anything about being present where thousands are intoxicating one another with herdpoison. They are at his mercy and, if he knows his business, he can do with them what he likes. In a word, a man in a crowd behaves as though he had swallowed a large dose of some powerful intoxicant. Reading is a private, not a collective activity. Where the press is free, and every man able to read, all is safe. Groups are capable of being as moral and intelligent as the individuals who form them; a crowd is chaotic, has no purpose of its own and is capable of anything except intelligent action and realistic thinking.

They regard oversimplification as the original sin of the mind and have no use for the slogans, the unqualified assertions and sweeping generalizations which are the propagandists stock in trade.

As a result of this there has arisen the new type of the uncritical recipient of orders.

Sheldon, "our best stock tends to be outbred by stock that is inferior to it in every respect. These thoughts, feelings and actions are too dangerous to be exploited for commercial purposes. In the light of recent history it would be foolish to suppose that this sort of thing cannot happen again. Only by being amputated or stretched upon the rack could they be adjusted to it. Orpheus has entered into an alliance with Pavlov -- the power of sound with the conditioned reflex. In a word, a man in a crowd behaves as though he had swallowed a large dose of some powerful intoxicant. In the long run, anger and hatred are self-defeating emotions. The society described in Brave New World is a world-state, in which war has been eliminated and where the first aim of the rulers is at all costs to keep their subjects from making trouble. The prophecies made in are coming true much sooner than I thought they would. In the context of , seemed dreadfully convincing. A man or woman makes direct contact with society in two ways: as a member of some familial, professional or religious group, or as a member of a crowd. Used in one way, the press, the radio and the cinema are indispensable to the survival of democracy.

But the mild approach is less exciting than the approach through verbal or physical violence. Or if they should be imposed from outside or from above, can they possibly survive?

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Today, thanks to sanitation, modern pharmacology and the social conscience, most of the children born with hereditary defects reach maturity and multiply their kind.

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