He had trumpeted just once before falling and his breathing continued after he fell.
He had to work there as an agent of imperialism in spite of his hatred towards it. He fires at its heart, but the elephant hardly seems to notice the bullets. Those harmed by the violence are either silenced—like the elephant—or lack recourse—like its owner.
As a member of the ruling power, he is cornered into doing what the "natives" expect of him: "He wears a mask, and his face grows to fit it.
He has an intense dislike for their presence and if he had his own way would not treat them as he does. The Burmese people and their oppressors were not into a cordial relationship which is evident from the account Orwell presents. He also added that an elephant at a distance eating peacefully looked no more dangerous than a cow.